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Electronic Wills in Australia: Is this the Future of Estate Planning?

In our modern, digital-centric age, many processes traditionally performed on paper are undergoing a digital transformation. A noteworthy Adelaide case illustrates the Australian legal system's evolving perspective on electronic wills. This detailed examination of the case and its implications will help you understand the potential challenges and opportunities surrounding the digitalisation of wills into the future.


Introduction to Electronic Wills in Australia

As technology permeates every aspect of our lives, it's no surprise that even our last will and testament could be drafted and stored electronically. But what happens when the legal realm meets the digital age? How valid is an electronic will in the eyes of Australian law?


In this intriguing case from Adelaide, the deceased had drafted her last will on an iPad. While she had taken all precautions to have it witnessed, the original electronic will, saved on her iPad, became inaccessible due to technical difficulties. Fortunately, a scanned copy of the electronic version of the will was retrieved and submitted for probate. This case raised several pivotal questions:

  1. Is an electronic will legally acceptable?

  2. How can the veracity of a digital will be confirmed, especially if the original is lost?

  3. Whether a copy of the Will should be admitted to probate.


The Court’s Perspective

Remarkably, the court agreed to the admission of the electronic will to probate. The decision leaned heavily on the will's adherence to section 8 of the Administration and Probate Act 1919 (SA), which stipulates the formal prerequisites for wills. The judge was swayed by the consistency of the testimony and the lack of discernible ulterior motives in presenting the will.


Considerations for Anyone Thinking of an Electronic Will

While the case, In the Estate of Elizabeth Seabrooke (Deceased) [2023] SASC 122 showcased the court’s adaptability, it also highlighted potential pitfalls:

  1. Technicalities in Execution: As showcased in the case of In the Estate of Elizabeth Seabrooke (Deceased) [2023] SASC 122 , signing an electronic will demands a distinct set of technological procedures. Achieving a flawless signing and witnessing of the will electronically is paramount, given the stringent legal scrutiny it could undergo.

  2. Forensic Complications: Instances where the integrity or location of the electronic document comes into question, as in this recent case, necessitate forensic examinations. Such examinations not only introduce added complexities but also pose challenges in verifying the will's authenticity.

  3. Potential for Alterations: Electronic documents, given their inherent mutability, can easily be altered—either intentionally or accidentally. Any such alterations can pose significant complications during the probate process, as they may lead to disputes regarding the true intentions of the deceased.

  4. Authenticity Issues: Digital documents introduce concerns over their genuineness. Without a tangible original, establishing the veracity of an electronic will, especially in contentious situations, becomes challenging.

  5. Backup and Storage Concerns: Dependence on electronic storage means there's always a risk of data loss due to technical glitches, malfunctions, or cyberattacks. Ensuring redundant and secure backups is essential but adds another layer of complexity.

  6. Witnessing Concerns: The electronic witnessing of a will introduces novel challenges. Ensuring that witnesses can unequivocally attest to the circumstances of the will's signing, especially when done electronically, is crucial.


The complexities surrounding electronic wills indicate the importance of getting expert guidance. Considering the intricate nature of will drafting, execution, and submission for probate, it's apparent that electronic wills, despite their modern appeal, introduce an array of potential challenges. At this juncture, it may not be advisable to fully embrace electronic wills without thorough understanding and meticulous caution. If you're considering drafting an electronic will or have questions about estate planning in the digital age, reach out to us. Our experience in Australian family law and wills & estates ensures that your intentions are safeguarded.


The case, In the Estate of Elizabeth Seabrooke (Deceased) [2023] SASC 122 , signifies a significant step forward for electronic wills in Australia, signaling a blend of tradition with technological advancement. However, with the digital realm's intricacies, expert advice is invaluable. Ensure your last wishes are honored appropriately. Contact KD & Co Lawyers on 08 7084 3060 to discuss your estate planning needs.

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